What Is Retired Out In Cricket: Meaning and Rules

The star Indian off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin again became the center of talks after becoming the first batsman to retire in IPL history.

While playing against Mumbai Indians, Ashwin walked off the crease so that Riyan Parag could come in and hit some balls out of the park.

Now, with this news in talks, every cricket fan is figuring out about Retired Out In Cricket and its rules.   

Retired-out is quite similar yet different than retired-hurt in cricket. The only difference between the two is the permission of the umpire.

When a player decides to leave the crease, and the umpire doesn’t approve of it, the player is deemed retired after walking back to the pavilion.

This may seem simple at first, but there are a few things you need to know about its regulations.

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What Is Retired Out In Cricket?

Retired Out In Cricket

The rules for retired-out are laid by the International Cricket Council, which states a player is called a retired-out if he leaves the crease without the umpire’s permission.

There is a provision where if a batsman faces any injury can leave the crease by taking approval from the umpire. A retired-hurt batsman can come back later in the innings and continue to bat. 

However, once declared retired out, the batsman cannot return to the crease to bat for that inning.

But, there are exceptions where the captain of the opposite team can allow the retired-out batsman to bat again.

In the laws of cricket, there are certain provisions for a batsman retiring in section 25.4. This includes:

  • 25.4.1 – At any stage of an innings, a batter can retire from his innings while the ball is not in play. However, before leaving the ground, the batter needs to inform the umpire about the reason behind retiring.
  • 25.4.2 – If the batter is retiring because of any injury, illness, or unavoidable circumstances, he/she can return to play later in that inning. If the batter didn’t come out to bat for any other reason, then he/she will be recorded as “Retired – not out” in stats.
  • 25.4.3 – If the reason behind retiring of the batsman is not one of these, as mentioned above, then he/she can only come back to bat if the captain of the opposite team allows it. In any case, if the batter cannot resume his/her innings, then they will be recorded in the stats as “Retired-Out”.

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Retired Out And Retired Hurt Know The Difference

Retired Out In Cricket

Retired hurt and retired out are often misunderstood as the same phenomenon. However, there is quite a difference between these two rules.

The main difference between the two is that once a batsman retires hurt in his innings, he/she can return and continue to bat in later innings.

But, a retired out will only come to bat if the opposite team captain approves of the same. 

Generally, retired-hurt are often seen in cricket matches as injuries are quite common in an intense game, especially in test matches.

However, with Ashwin getting retired in an IPL match against Mumbai, this is something special as it marks the first retired-out batter in IPL history. 

Since Ashwin retired out in the second last (19th) over of the inning, there was no point in him coming back to bat with consent from Mumbai Indian’s captain.

However, Kumar Sangakara, coach of Rajasthan Royals, later said in a post-match interview that they talked about this, and Ashwin sacrificed his wicket for the team.

Players Who Have Taken Retired Out and Retired Hurt

Though retired hurt is not that new in cricket, retired-out is only recently seen in world cricket. However, few players have retired from their innings for the greater good of their team or fellow players.

At the international level, the first instance of retired-out came out in a test match between Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2001 played in Colombo. 

The former Sri Lankan skipper Marvan Atapattu walked out and became the first player to be retired after scoring a double century and became the first batter to be “Retired Out” in international test cricket.

In the same match, Mahela Jayawardene also walked out after the 150-run mark so other team players could bat and score runs.

Kumar Sangakara (currently coach of Rajasthan Royals) was also a part of the Sri Lankan squad in that match and scored 54 runs after getting a chance to bat. 

Pakistani cricket Shahid Afridi marked the first retired-out of T20s in 2010 when he walked out to the pavilion in a match against Northants.

Other incidents of retired out include Sonam Tobgay of Bhutan in a match against Maldives (2019) and Sunzamul Islam of Chattogram Challengers in a match of Bangladesh Premium League.

Frequently Asked Question

Q1. Can retire out bat again?

If a batsman has left the crease for any reason without the umpire’s consent, he will certainly be declared “Retired Out.”

Now, a retired-out batter can only bat again if the captain opposite team captain allows him to bat again. 

Q2. Is retired hurt a dismissal?

A batter is referred to as retired hurt when the umpire declares he cannot continue batting due to injury or unavoidable circumstances.

However, this retired-hurt batter can come out to bat again after a wicket has fallen and is physically fit. 

Q3. Has anyone been timed out in cricket?

Not a single player has been timed out in cricket. However, Hemulal Yadav was the first player to be timed out in a first-class match in 1997 played at Cuttack between Orissa and Tripura.

In another incident, Saurav Ganguly almost made it to be timed out and was saved with only a few minutes to spare.  

Q4. Can a retired hurt batsman bat again in t20?

Whether it’s T20 or any other format, a batsman who is declared hurt can always come out to bat again after a wicket has fallen.

However, with limited overs in T20, it’s not quite common for a batsman to get this opportunity to bat again after getting retired hurt. 

Retired-out is the trending word among every cricket lover after Ravichandran Ashwin was declared retired-out against Mumbai. If you want to learn more about retired-out in cricket, you can read here. 

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